Cramer's Eighty-eight (Diaethria clymena [Cramer])
Wing span: 1 1/2 - 1 3/4 inches (3.8 - 4.4 cm).
Identification: Upperside is black with iridescent blue bands at the margins. Underside of forewing is red; hindwing is white with a black outlined "88" or "89."
Life history: Not reported.
Flight: February-July in Florida, March-November in South America.
Caterpillar hosts: In Brazil, Trema micrantha in the elm family (Ulmaceae).
Adult food: Decaying fruit, dung.
Habitat: Wet tropical forests.
Range: South America. Occasionally strays to South Florida.
Conservation: Not required for rare stray.
The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management needs: None reported.
DeVries, P. J. 1987. The butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 327 pages,50 color plates. Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates. Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.
Author: Jane M. Struttmann