The Registry of Nature
Chemicals & Their
Effects on Wildlife
There is a big debate on how the use of
chemicals effects our environment. It is
safe to say that regardless of who is right and who is wrong, the
bottom line is; we are better off not using them. Our main
focus here is the use of chemical fertilizers, fungicides,
herbicides and insecticides.
First, lets look at the accepted benefits of the
- Provide a cheap source of nutrients to
- Controls fungus
- Kills plant life that is not desirable in
a certain area
- Kills insects that are harmful to growing
Now, we will take a closer look at these benefits
and their effects on wildlife.
It is true that chemical fertilizers provide a cheap
source of nutrients to plants. The problem is that it is
usually applied in such doses that the plants can never absorb all
of it. The excess runs off into streams and ponds and causes
other plant life to grow at rates that the local habitat would never
have supported. This then causes certain species of plant life
to either take over or die out. Once a plant specie dies out
in an area, all the wildlife that was dependant on that plant will
usually move elsewhere. The species that benefit from the
fertilizers will attract a larger population of the wildlife that
uses those plants. We create this scenario all across
America. We plant the same crop over acres and acres.
This attracts the wildlife that benefits from this in large
numbers. We then solve this problem by spaying more
chemicals. Usually when species of wildlife and plant life
expand in numbers beyond what a local habitat can handle, the
habitat will start to suffer. More and more species will die
or move elsewhere.
There are many ways to provide nutrients to the soil
that will provide a slow release of the needed nutrients and not
allow free chemicals to leach into waterways and wells. By
using crop rotation in vegetable gardens and planting legumes and
other nitrogen building plants nitrogen levels can be increased
naturally. Use compost as a main source of nutrients.
Plant flowerbeds that are diversified and not concentrated with one
plant. Stop planting plants that cannot survive on their
own. If a plant needs all these chemicals to survive, isn't it
obvious that it doe not belong in this habitat! Mulching
provides many benefits. It works to retain moisture and it
releases nutrients at a slow pace. It keeps unwanted plants
from growing. Use your downed leaves. Compost or mulch
with them instead of throwing them away, is throwing away nutrients
from your habitat.
A habitat that is in balance will provide the proper
levels of wildlife to maintain itself. If aphids multiply, so
will ladybugs and other insects that eat them. Remember,
chemicals disrupt the natural selection and balance of a
habitat. Allow the habitat to maintain itself.