Mazans Scallopwing (Staphylus mazans [Reakirt])
Wing span: 1 - 1 3/16 inches (2.5 - 3 cm).
Identification: Hindwing margins are scalloped; fringes are completely dark brown. Upperside is black with 2 dark bands on each wing; forewing has a few small white dots near the apex.
Life history: Caterpillars eat leaves of the host plants.
Flight: Many flights throughout the year in South Texas.
Caterpillar hosts: Lambsquarters (Chenopodium) in the goosefoot family (Chenopodiaceae), and amaranth (Amaranthus) in the pigweed family (Amaranthaceae).
Adult food: Not reported.
Habitat: Weedy areas in parks, small clearings and edges in tropical woodlands.
Range: Central Texas south to Veracruz, Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management needs: None reported.
Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates. Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.
Author: Jane M. Struttmann
State and Regional References:
Neck, R.W. 1996. A Field Guide to Butterflies of Texas. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas. Opler, Paul A. 1999. Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies, revised edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass. Stanford, R.E. and P.A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of Western USA Butterflies. Privately published, Denver, Colo. Tilden, J.W. and A.C. Smith. 1986. A Field Guide to Western Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass. Tveten, J. and Tveten, G. 1996. Butterflies of Houston & Southeast Texas. Univ. of Texas Press, Austin, TX. 292 pp.