Bahamian Swallowtail (Papilio andraemon [Sharpe])
Wing span: 3 3/4 - 4 inches (96 - 102 cm).
Identification: Upperside of forewing has yellow bar at end of cell; long tails of hindwing are filled with yellow.
Life history: Females lay single eggs on host plant leaves.
Flight: Three flights April-October. Adults may fly or be swept by hurricanes between islands.
Caterpillar hosts: Plants in the citrus family (Rutaceae): Citrus, Ruta, and Zanthoxylum species.
Adult food: Not reported.
Habitat: Sea-level scrub and hammocks.
Range: Bahamas, Cuba and Jamaica; rare stray or temporary colonist in Florida Keys or on mainland near Miami.
Conservation: Once listed as a threatened species by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; since delisted.
Management needs: Colonies should be protected if located.
The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Opler, P. A. and G. O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies east of the Great Plains. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 294 pages, 54 color plates. Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates. Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.
Author: Jane M. Struttmann
State and Regional References:
Gerberg, E.J. and Arnett, R.H., Jr. Florida Butterflies. Natural Science Publications, Inc. Baltimore, MD. 90 pp. Kimball, C.P. 1965. Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas - Vol. 1: Lepidoptera of Florida. Div. of Plant Industry, State of Florida Dept. of Agriculture. Gainesville, FL. 363 pp. Minno, M.C. and Emmel, T.C. 1993. Butterflies of the Florida Keys. Scientific Publishers. Gainesville, FL. 168 pp. Opler, P.A. 1998. A field guide to eastern butterflies, revised format. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. Smith, D.S., Miller, L.D. and Miller, J.Y. 1994. The Butterflies of the West Indies and South Florida. Oxford Univ. Press. Oxford, U.K. 264 pp.