North American Butterflies and Moths List

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U.S. Geological Survey

Butterflies of North America

Pink-spotted Swallowtail (Papilio pharnaces)
JPG -- species photo

Pink-spotted Swallowtail (Papilio pharnaces Doubleday)

Wing span: 3 5/16 - 3 3/4 inches (8.4 - 9.5 cm)

Identification: Wings black; some specimens without tails. Upper surface of hindwing with submarginal and postmedian bands of small pink spots.

Life history: None reported.

Flight: February-October in Mexico, April in south Texas.

Caterpillar hosts: Plants in citrus (Rutaceae) family.

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Edges of woods at low-middle elevations.

Range: Central and southern Mexico. One stray reported from lower Rio Grande Valley, Texas.

Conservation: Not required for tropical stray.

Management needs: None noted.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G3 - Very rare or local throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range (21 to 100 occurrences). (Threatened throughout its range).


Beutelspacher, C. R. 1984. Mariposas de Mexico, Fasciculo I. La Prensa Medica
    Mexicana, S. A. 171 pages, 20 color plates.

Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies.
     Peterson field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48
     color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

Pink-spotted Swallowtail (Papilio pharnaces)
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