Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class VoltRankDb in /home/shopth11/public_html/abirdshome.com/67520c410adc3a30837f0e4.php on line 27

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class VoltRank in /home/shopth11/public_html/abirdshome.com/67520c410adc3a30837f0e4.php on line 714
Butterflies of North America -- Urbanus esmeraldus

North American Butterflies and Moths List

The definitive website on wildbirds & nature




The Registry of Nature Habitats

U.S. Geological Survey


Butterflies of North America

Esmeralda Longtail (Urbanus esmeraldus)
JPG -- species photo

Esmeralda Longtail (Urbanus esmeraldus [Butler])

Wing span: 1 3/8 - 1 5/8 inches (3.5 - 4.2 cm).

Identification: Long tails. Upperside is dark blackish brown; body and wing bases are iridescent blue-green. Males have a costal fold enclosing scent scales on the forewing. Dark row on hindwing underside consists of separate spots.

Life history: Eggs are laid on young leaves of the host plant, which caterpillars eat.

Flight: Many flights from April-October in Mexico; August in South Texas.

Caterpillar hosts: Beggar's ticks (Desmodium).

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Open subtropical woods and edges.

Range: Brazil and Paraguay north through the tropics to Mexico. A rare stray north to the lower Rio Grande Valley, Texas.

Conservation: Not necessary for a rare stray.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Management needs: None reported.

References:

Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson 
     field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates.

Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, 
     Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

Esmeralda Longtail (Urbanus esmeraldus)
distribution map
map legend

Disclaimer
Return to species list
Return to Butterflies of North America main page