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Butterflies of North America -- Achalarus toxeus

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Butterflies of North America

Coyote Cloudywing (Achalarus toxeus)
JPG -- species photo

Coyote Cloudywing (Achalarus toxeus [Plötz])

Wing span: 1 5/8 - 1 15/16 inches (4.2 - 5 cm).

Identification: Forewings are pointed. Upperside is dark brown with darker rectangular spots. Hindwing usually has white fringe.

Life history: Females lay eggs singly on leaves near the trunk of the host tree. Caterpillars eat young leaves.

Flight: Three broods from February-November.

Caterpillar hosts: Texas ebony (Pithecellobium flexicaule) in the pea family (Fabaceae).

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Edges of river woods, city flower gardens.

Range: Panama north through Central America and Mexico to central Texas. Strays north to southern Arizona.

Conservation: Not usually required.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Management needs: None reported.

References:

Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson 
     field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates.

Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, 
     Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

Coyote Cloudywing (Achalarus toxeus)
distribution map
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