North American Butterflies and Moths List

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Butterflies of North America

Zela Metalmark (Emesis zela)
JPG -- species photo

Zela Metalmark (Emesis zela Butler)

Wing span: 1 1/8 - 1 1/4 inches (2.9 - 3.2 cm).

Identification: Forewing somewhat indented below tip. Fringes of male white; those of female dark on forewing, light on hindwing. Upperside dull red-brown; hindwing with more orange. Underside pinkish brown with scattered small dark spots.

Life history: Males perch in openings in valley bottoms to watch for females.

Flight: Two broods from March-August.

Caterpillar hosts: Not reported.

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Oak woodlands, canyons, streamsides.

Range: Southern Arizona south to Venezuela.

Conservation: Not usually required.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Management needs: None reported.


Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford  University Press, 
    Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Tilden, J. W. 1986. A field guide to western butterflies.  Houghton-Mifflin Co., 
    Boston, Mass. 370 pages, 23 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

Zela Metalmark (Emesis zela)
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