North American Butterflies and Moths List

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U.S. Geological Survey

Butterflies of North America

Mangrove Buckeye (Junonia evarete)
JPG -- species photo

Mangrove Buckeye (Junonia evarete [Cramer])

Wing span: 1 3/8 - 2 1/4 inches (3.5 - 5.7 cm).

Identification: Upperside is brown; forewing has a narrow orange band which rings the large eyespot; eyespot is never ringed with brown. Underside of the hindwing is brown, usually without bands or eyespots; median band is jagged.

Life history: Caterpillars eat leaves of mangrove trees. Adults overwinter.

Flight: Several broods from March-October.

Caterpillar hosts: Black-mangrove.

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Tidal flats and black-mangrove swamps.

Range: Atlantic coast of Mexico north to South Texas, the West Indies, and extreme southern Florida.

Conservation: Monitor populations in south Florida and assess possible conservation needs.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Management needs: None reported.


Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson 
     field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates.

Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, 
     Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

Mangrove Buckeye (Junonia evarete)
distribution map
map legend

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