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Butterflies of Texas -- Apodemia hepburni

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Butterflies of North America

Butterflies of Texas

Hepburn's Metalmark (Apodemia hepburni)
JPG -- species photo

Hepburn's Metalmark (Apodemia hepburni Godman & Salvin)

Wing span: 3/4 - 1 1/8 inches (2 - 3 cm).

Identification: Upperside dark gray with copper tinge. Many small white spots, but none of them forming a submarginal line.

Life history: Not reported.

Flight: July in Texas, many flights from March-November in Mexico.

Caterpillar hosts: Not reported.

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Desert mountains.

Range: Mexico; strays to Patagonia, Arizona and the Chisos Mountains of Texas.

Conservation: Not required for rare stray.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Management needs: None reported.

References:

DeVries, P. J. 1997. The butterflies of Costa Rica and their  natural history. 
    Volume II Riodinidae. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. 
    288 pages, 25 color plates.

Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford  University Press, 
    Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Tilden, J. W. 1986. A field guide to western butterflies.  Houghton-Mifflin Co., 
    Boston, Mass. 370 pages, 23 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

State and Regional References:

Neck, R.W. 1996. A Field Guide to Butterflies of Texas. Gulf Publishing Co., 
     Houston, Texas.

Opler, Paul A. 1999. Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies, revised 
     edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.

Stanford, R.E. and P.A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of Western USA Butterflies. 
     Privately published, Denver, Colo. 

Tilden, J.W. and A.C. Smith. 1986. A Field Guide to Western Butterflies. 
     Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.
     
Tveten, J. and Tveten, G.  1996.  Butterflies of Houston & Southeast Texas.
     Univ. of Texas Press, Austin, TX.  292 pp.
     
Hepburn's Metalmark (Apodemia hepburni)
distribution map
map legend

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