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Butterflies of South Carolina -- Problema bulenta

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Butterflies of North America

Butterflies of South Carolina

Rare Skipper (Problema bulenta)
JPG -- species photo

Rare Skipper (Problema bulenta [Boisduval & LeConte])

Wing span: 1 1/2 - 2 1/8 inches (3.9 - 5.4 cm).

Identification: Upperside is yellow-orange with black borders, which are wider in the female. Underside of forewing is yellow-orange with black on the lower outer edge; hindwing is yellow with no markings.

Life history: Not reported.

Flight: Two broods in May and July-September; possibly one brood in the north.

Caterpillar hosts: Not reported.

Adult food: Nectar from flowers of pickerelweed and swamp milkweed.

Habitat: Brackish river marshes and abandoned rice paddies.

Range: Isolated populations along the Atlantic Coast from southern New Jersey and Maryland south to coastal Georgia. The range was extended into New Jersey during the 1980's.

Conservation: Populations should be conserved wherever found.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G2 - Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 to 20 occurrences), or because of other factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range. (Endangered throughout its range).

Management needs: None reported.

References:

Opler, P. A. and G. O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies east of the Great Plains. Johns 
     Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 294 pages, 54 color plates.

Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson 
     field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates.

Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, 
     Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

State and Regional References:

Layberry, R.A., Hall, P.W. & Lafontaine, D.J., 1998.  The Butterflies of 
     Canada.  University of Toronto Press, Toronto, ON.  280 pp.
     
Opler, P.A. 1998. A field guide to eastern butterflies, revised format.
     Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.      
Rare Skipper (Problema bulenta)
distribution map
map legend

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