Bauer's Dotted-Blue (Euphilotes baueri [Shields])
Wing span: 3/4 - 7/8 inches (1.9 - 2.2 cm).
Identification: Male pale blue above without orange hindwing band. Female gray-brown with blue scaling extensive to almost none. Orange aurora band on outer edge of hindwing ranging from medium to absent. Underside snowy white with distinct black line on wing margins. Black spotting bold. Pale orange band on margin of hindwing narrow.
Life history: Males patrol all day near host plants to find receptive females. Eggs are laid singly on host plant flowers; caterpillars eat flowers and fruits, and are protected by ants. Chrysalids hibernate in sand or leaf litter.
Flight: One flight; mid-April to late June.
Caterpillar hosts: Various wild buckwheats (Eriogonum species): limited to Kennedy, strict, and oval-leafed buckwheats.
Adult food: Flower nectar especially that from Eriogonum species.
Habitat: Dry slopes and flats with scattered short brush.
Range: East and northeastern California, Nevada, and western Arizona.
Conservation: Habitats may be susceptible to invasion by cheatgrass. Surveys should be undertaken.
The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G2,G3 - for species. Imperiled because of rarity (6 to 20 occurrences), or because of other factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range. (Endangered throughout its range). OR very rare or local throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range . The Nature Conservancy rank of T1 - Critically imperiled because of extreme rarity (5 or fewer occurrences, or very few remaining individuals), or because of some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable to extinction. (Critically endangered throughout its range) applies to a subspecies from the San Bernardino Mountains of southern California.
Management needs: Maintain habitat together with host plants of all known populations. Survey populations and their susceptibility to invasive alien weeds.
Emmel, T.C., editor. 1998. Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Mariposa Press, Gainesville, Fla. 878 pp. Opler, P.A. 1999. A field guide to western butterflies. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass. 540 pages, 44 color plates. Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates. Stanford, R. E. and P. A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of western USA butterflies including adjacent parts of Canada and Mexico. Denver and Fort Collins, CO.
Author: Paul A. Opler
State and Regional References:
Emmel, T.C. Editor. 1998. Systematics of western North American butterflies. Mariposa Press, Gainesville, Florida. Layberry, R.A., Hall, P.W. & Lafontaine, D.J., 1998. The Butterflies of Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, ON. 280 pp. Opler, Paul A. 1999. Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies, revised edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass. Stanford, R.E. and P.A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of Western USA Butterflies. Privately published, Denver, Colo. Tilden, J.W. and A.C. Smith. 1986. A Field Guide to Western Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.