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Butterflies of North Carolina -- Euphyes pilatka

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Butterflies of North America

Butterflies of North Carolina

Palatka Skipper (Euphyes pilatka)
JPG -- species photo

Palatka skipper (Euphyes pilatka [W. H. Edwards])

Wing span: 1 3/4 - 2 1/8 inches (4.5 - 5.4 cm).

Identification: Upperside is orange with black borders; male forewing has a black 2-part stigma. Underside of hindwing is dull brown and may have faint pale spots.

Life history: Males perch in depressions in marshes to await receptive females. Caterpillars feed on leaves and live in shelters of rolled leaves.

Flight: Two broods along the Atlantic Coast from May-September; probably three broods in Florida from January-November.

Caterpillar hosts: Sawgrass sedge (Cladium jamaicensis).

Adult food: Nectar of pickerelweed and other plants.

Habitat: Coastal brackish marshes and freshwater marshes.

Range: Immediate coast from southeast Virginia south to the Florida Keys; peninsular Florida; west along the Gulf Coast to southern Mississippi. Strays to northern Maryland and southwest Louisiana.

Conservation: Populations should be conserved wherever found.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G3 - Very rare or local throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range (21 to 100 occurrences). (Threatened throughout its range).

Management needs: None reported.

References:

Opler, P. A. and G. O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies east of the Great Plains. Johns 
     Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 294 pages, 54 color plates.

Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern butterflies. Peterson 
     field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates.

Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, 
     Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

State and Regional References:

Layberry, R.A., Hall, P.W. & Lafontaine, D.J., 1998.  The Butterflies of 
     Canada.  University of Toronto Press, Toronto, ON.  280 pp. 
     
Opler, P.A. 1998. A field guide to eastern butterflies, revised format.
     Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.     
Palatka Skipper (Euphyes pilatka)
distribution map
map legend

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