Valeriana Cloudywing (Codatractus mysie [Dyar])
Wing span: Not reported.
Identification: Forewing tip is rounded; upperside is golden-brown. Male is without a costal fold. Underside of the hindwing is brown with brown marginal crescents and a pale submarginal band.
Life history: Adults have a weak flight. Caterpillars hibernate.
Flight: One brood from July-August.
Caterpillar hosts: Smoothpod hairypea (Tephrosia leiocarpa) in the pea family (Fabaceae).
Adult food: Flower nectar.
Habitat: Open woodland.
Range: Southern Arizona and Mexico.
Conservation: Populations in southern Arizona should be monitored and conserved.
The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management needs: None reported.
Bailowitz, R. A., and J. P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc., Tucson, Arizona. 342 pages. Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.
Author: Jane M. Struttmann
State and Regional References:
Opler, Paul A. 1999. Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies, revised edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass. Stanford, R.E. and P.A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of Western USA Butterflies. Privately published, Denver, Colo.