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Butterflies of Maine -- Callophrys [Incisalia] lanoraieensis

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Butterflies of North America

Butterflies of Maine

Bog Elfin (Callophrys [Incisalia] lanoraieensis)
JPG -- species photo

Bog Elfin (Callophrys lanoraieensis Sheppard)

Wing span: 7/8 - 15/16 inch (2.2 - 2.4 cm).

Identification: Very small; tailless. Upperside of females brown; males have more orange. Underside of hindwing has a reduced or obscure pattern and the outer margin is frosted with gray.

Life history: Adults fly around the treetops. First-stage caterpillars bore into pine needles and feed from the inside; older caterpillars eat needles from the outside.

Flight: One brood from mid-May to early June.

Caterpillar hosts: Black spruce (Picea mariana).

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Black spruce-tamarack bogs.

Range: Eastern New Hampshire through coastal Maine north to New Brunswick. Isolated populations in eastern Ontario, southern Quebec, and Nova Scotia.

Conservation: All populations should be conserved.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G3 - Very rare or local throughout its range or found locally in a restricted range (21 to 100 occurrences). (Threatened throughout its range).

Management needs: Maintain integrity of bog habitats.

References:

Opler, P. A. and G. O. Krizek. 1984. Butterflies east of the  Great Plains. Johns 
    Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 294 pages, 54 color plates.

Opler, P. A. and V. Malikul. 1992. A field guide to eastern  butterflies. Peterson 
    field guide #4. Houghton-Mifflin Co.,  Boston. 396 pages, 48 color plates.

Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford  University Press, 
    Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

State and Regional References:

Brower, A.E.  1974.  A List of the Lepidoptera of Maine - Part 1: The
     Macrolepidoptera.  Life Sciences and Agricultural Station, Univ. of Maine 
     at Orono.  Technical Bulletin No. 66.  136 pp.

Layberry, R.A., Hall, P.W. & Lafontaine, D.J., 1998.  The Butterflies of 
     Canada.  University of Toronto Press, Toronto, ON.  280 pp.
     
Opler, P.A. 1998. A field guide to eastern butterflies, revised format.
     Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.      
Bog Elfin (Callophrys [Incisalia] lanoraieensis)
distribution map
map legend

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