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Butterflies of Florida -- Celastrina neglecta

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Butterflies of North America

Butterflies of Florida

Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)
JPG -- species photo

Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta [W.H. Edwards])

Wing span: 15/16 - 1 1/8 inches (2.4 - 2.9 cm).

Identification: Upperside of male powdery blue often with ill-defined white patch on hindwing. Female with much white scaling on both forewings and hindwings. Underside of hindwing pale gray or white with small black dots and submarginal dark zigzag line.

Life history: Caterpillars eat flowers. Chrysalids overwinter until flower late spring or summer.

Flight: One flight from June to October.

Caterpillar hosts: Racemose dogwood, New Jersey Tea, and other plants.

Adult food: Flower nectar.

Habitat: Various habitats including stream valleys, powerline right-of-ways, gardens.

Range: Most of eastern and central United States as well as southern Canada.

Conservation: Not necessary.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Management needs: None reported.

References:

Layberry, R.A., P.W. Hall, and J.D. Lafontaine. 1998. The Butterflies of 
     Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto. 282 pages, 32 color plates.

Opler, P.A. 1999. A field guide to western butterflies.  Houghton-Mifflin Co., 
      Boston, Mass. 540 pages, 44 color plates.

Stanford, R. E. and P. A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of western USA butterflies including 
     adjacent parts of Canada and Mexico. Denver and Fort Collins, CO. 

Author: Paul A. Opler

State and Regional References:

Gerberg, E.J. and Arnett, R.H., Jr.  Florida Butterflies.  Natural Science
     Publications, Inc.  Baltimore, MD.  90 pp.

Kimball, C.P.  1965.  Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas - Vol. 1:
     Lepidoptera of Florida.  Div. of Plant Industry, State of Florida Dept. 
     of Agriculture.  Gainesville, FL.  363 pp. 

Minno, M.C. and Emmel, T.C.  1993.  Butterflies of the Florida Keys.  Scientific
     Publishers.  Gainesville, FL.  168 pp.
     
Opler, P.A. 1998. A field guide to eastern butterflies, revised format.
     Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.     

Smith, D.S., Miller, L.D. and Miller, J.Y.  1994.  The Butterflies of the West
     Indies and South Florida.  Oxford Univ. Press.  Oxford, U.K.  264 pp.
Data courtesy of David M. Wright, New Jersey

Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta)
distribution map
map legend

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