North American Butterflies and Moths List

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Butterflies of North America

Butterflies of Arizona

Leda Ministreak (Ministrymon leda)
JPG -- species photo

Leda Ministreak (Ministrymon leda [W. H. Edwards])

Wing span: 3/4 - 7/8 inch (1.9 - 2.2 cm).

Identification: Form "leda" has upperside of forewing brown with pale blue at the base; hindwing mostly pale blue. Form "ines" with larger areas of pale blue. Underside grayish; form "leda" with red postmedian line bordered by white; form "ines" has black postmedian line with little or no red.

Life history: Eggs are laid singly on flowers of the host tree; caterpillars eat flowers.

Flight: Two flights: form "leda" from May-August; form "ines" from October-November.

Caterpillar hosts: Mesquite trees (Prosopis species) in the pea family (Fabaceae).

Adult food: Flower nectar including mesquite and seepwillow.

Habitat: Desert thorn scrub, mixed woodland.

Range: Mexico and Baja California north into southern Arizona and southern California.

Conservation: Not required.

The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.

Management needs: None reported.


Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford  University Press, 
    Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates.

Tilden, J. W. 1986. A field guide to western butterflies.  Houghton-Mifflin Co., 
    Boston, Mass. 370 pages, 23 color plates.

Author: Jane M. Struttmann

State and Regional References:

Bailowitz, R. A. and J. P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona. 
     Tucson, Ariz.: Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.

Garth, J.S. 1950. Butterflies of Grand Canyon National Park. Grand Canyon 
     Natural History Association, Grand Canyon, Ariz.

Opler, Paul A. 1999. Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies, revised 
     edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.

Stanford, R.E. and P.A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of Western USA Butterflies. 
     Privately published, Denver, Colo.

Tilden, J.W. and A.C. Smith. 1986. A Field Guide to Western Butterflies. 
     Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.
Leda Ministreak (Ministrymon leda)
distribution map
map legend

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