Pine Satyr (Paramacera allyni L. Miller)
Wing span: 1 3/8 - 1 7/8 inches (3.5 - 4.8 cm).
Identification: Wings are brown. Upperside has dark borders and unringed eyespots; male has a patch of dark scales near the forewing cell. Underside has dark irregular lines, a large eyespot at the tip of the forewing, and 6 small eyespots on the hindwing.
Life history: Not reported.
Flight: One flight from June-August.
Caterpillar hosts: Possibly Agrostis stolonifera in Arizona.
Adult food: Not reported.
Habitat: Grassy openings in high-elevation pine forest.
Range: Southeastern Arizona mountains south into Mexico.
Conservation: Not usually required.
The Nature Conservancy Global Rank: G4 - Apparently secure globally, though it might be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery.
Management needs: None reported.
Bailowitz, R. A., and J. P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc., Tucson, Arizona. 342 pages. Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif. 583 pages, 64 color plates. Tilden, J. W. 1986. A field guide to western butterflies. Houghton-Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass. 370 pages, 23 color plates.
Author: Jane M. Struttmann
State and Regional References:
Bailowitz, R. A. and J. P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of Southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Ariz.: Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc. Garth, J.S. 1950. Butterflies of Grand Canyon National Park. Grand Canyon Natural History Association, Grand Canyon, Ariz. Opler, Paul A. 1999. Peterson Field Guide to Western Butterflies, revised edition. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass. Stanford, R.E. and P.A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of Western USA Butterflies. Privately published, Denver, Colo. Tilden, J.W. and A.C. Smith. 1986. A Field Guide to Western Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Mass.