Birds of America
By John James Audubon, F. R. SS. L. & E.
ORTIX NEOXENUS, Vigors.
Nothing is known of this species further than that it was procured in the
course of Captain BEECHEY'S voyage, on the north-west coast of America. My
drawing was taken from a specimen kindly lent to me by the Council of the
Zoological Society of London.
WELCOME QUAIL, Ortyx neoxenus, Vig. Gard. and Menag. of Zool. Soc.,vol. ii. p. 311.
WELCOME PARTRIDGE, Perdix neoxenus, Aud. Orn. Biog., vol. v. p. 228.
Length 7 1/2, wing 4 3/8.
The form and proportions being nearly the same as those of the Plumed and
Californian Partridges, it is unnecessary to describe them; the bill, however,
is proportionally thicker, and has its tip less decurved. Mr. BENNET'S
description is as follows:--
"In size the present bird is smaller than the Californian Quail. Its crest
is short, straight, directed backwards, and composed of about half a dozen
elongated feathers, of the same pale brown as the forehead in front of them.
Round the eyes the brown becomes much paler, but assumes a rufous tinge as it
passes backwards, on either side of the head, in two stripes, extending from
above and below the eye. Between these stripes, and on the lower and back part
of the neck, a number of pale brown and somewhat pointed feathers alternate with
broad black ones. The back is of a grizzled brown, with much darker patches;
and this colouring extends to the tail, which is crossed by about eight wavy
irregular lines of very pale brown. The wing-coverts are dark brown, with light
margins; and the quill-feathers dusky-brown, some of them slightly marked on the
edges with paler spots. The under surface of the body is dark brown, copiously
marked with rounded spots, which are nearly of a pure white; they commence small
on the neck, where they are somewhat dingy, and increase in size as they proceed
backwards. The bill is black; the iris pale brown; and the claws
Length to end of tail 7 1/2 inches; bill along the ridge (5 1/4)/12; wing
from flexure 4 3/8; tail 2 3/8; tarsus 1 2/12; hind toe 3/12, its claw 2 1/2;
middle toe 1 1/12, its claw 4/12. The second quill longest; the tail of twelve