Birds of America
By John James Audubon, F. R. SS. L. & E.
PLECTROPHANES ORNATUS, Towns.
Mr. TOWNSEND procured a single male of this new species, respecting which
he has sent me the following notice. "It is by no means a common bird; keeps in
pairs, and appears to live exclusively upon the ground; is remarkably shy, and
although I saw the female several times, I was unable to procure it."
PLECTROPHANES ORNATA, Chestnut-collared Lark-Finch, Towns., Jour. Acad.
Nat. Sc. Philadelphia, vol. vii. p. 189.
CHESTNUT-COLLARED LARK-BUNTING, Emberiza ornata, Aud. Orn. Biog., vol. v.p. 44.
Adult Male in spring.
Bill short, conical, pointed; upper mandible with the dorsal line almost
straight, the sides convex, the edges a little inflected, the tip slightly
declinate; lower mandible with the angle short and rounded, the dorsal line
ascending and very slightly convex, the edges inflected, the tip acute; the
gape-line ascends a short way at first, and is afterwards nearly straight, and
there is a small narrow prominence on the palate.
Head of moderate size, ovate; neck short; body full. Feet of moderate
size; tarsus compressed, covered anteriorly with seven scutella, behind with two
longitudinal plates meeting so as to form a very thin edge; hind toe stout,
lateral toes nearly equal; claws long, slender, compressed, little curved, that
of the hind toe elongated.
Plumage soft, full, blended, on the back somewhat compact. Wings rather
long and pointed, the first quill longest; tail rather long, nearly even.
Bill yellow, with the tips dusky. Feet and claws yellowish flesh-colour.
The upper part of the head, a streak and some spots behind the ear, and the
breast, black; a broad band over the eye, the throat and sides of the neck, the
abdomen, lower tail-coverts, and three lateral tail-feathers white, the latter
edged externally with dusky. There is a broad transverse band of yellowish-red
on the hind neck; the upper parts are yellowish-grey, the feathers dusky in the
centre; the quills and larger coverts dusky, with yellowish-grey margins, as are
the four middle tail-feathers.
Length to end of tail 5 1/4 inches; bill along the ridge (4 1/2)/12; wing
from flexure 3 2/12; tail 1 10/12; tarsus 11/12; hind toe (4 1/4)/12, its claw