Birds of America
By John James Audubon, F. R. SS. L. & E.
HELINAIA RUBRICAPILLA, Wils.
PLATE CXIII.--MALE AND FEMALE.
I have shot only three or four birds of this species, and these were all
that I ever met with. I found them in Louisiana and Kentucky. A few specimens
belonging to Mr. TITIAN PEALE of Philadelphia, and which he, with his usual
kindness, lent me for a few days, to compare their colouring with my drawings
and notes, were the only others that I have seen. It is probable he had
procured them in Pennsylvania, although I cannot now recollect if this was
really the case.
The flight of this little bird is short, light, and entirely similar to
that of the other species of this genus already described. Its food consists of
insects and larvae, which it procures by searching diligently and actively
amongst the leaves and buds of low trees. It does not pursue insects on wing.
With the exception of a few low, eagerly repeated, creaking notes, I have not
heard any sounds from them. While uttering, these notes, which are all the
species seem to have in lieu of song, the male stands erect and still. I am not
aware of its nest having been discovered or described by any naturalist.
The plant on a twig of which two Nashville Warblers are represented, is
usually called the swamp spice. It is a low bush, grows in the water, in swampy
and muddy ground, and occurs from Georgia to New York. The berries, which are
seldom eaten by birds, have little pulp, and consequently a large seed.
NASHVILLE WARBLER, Sylvia rubricapilla, Wils. Amer. Orn., vol. iii. p. 120.
SYLVIA RUBRICAPILLA, Bonap. Syn., p. 87.
NASHVILLE WARBLER, Sylvia rubricapilla, Nutt. Man., vol. i. p. 412.
NASHVILLE WARBLER, Sylvia rubricapilla, Aud. Orn. Biog., vol. i. p. 450.
Bill rather short, slender, tapering, nearly straight, as deep as broad at
the base. Nostrils basal, lateral, elliptical, half-closed by a membrane. Head
of ordinary size, neck short, body full. Feet of ordinary length, slender;
tarsus longer than the middle toe, anteriorly scutellate; toes free, scutellate
above; claws slender, compressed, acute, arched.
Plumage soft, blended, tufty. Wings short, curved, the first and second
quills longest. Tail short, forked, of twelve rounded feathers.
Bill greenish-brown. Iris dark brown. Feet yellowish-green. Head and
cheeks brownish-grey, the upper part of the head dark red. A circle of white
round the eye. The general colour of the upper parts is brownish-green, of the
under greenish-yellow, brighter on the throat and breast. Inner webs of the
wing and tail-feathers dusky, the outer brownish-green, and of the primaries
Length 4 1/2 inches, extent of wings 7; bill along the ridge 1/3, along the
gap 1/2; tarsus 3/4.
The female is much duller; the head and hind-neck dark brownish-grey,
tinged with green, the former without the red patch, the under parts more mixed
with grey, the sides olivaceous, and the yellow of the wings less pure.
THE SWAMP SPICE.
ILEX PRINOIDES, Willd. Sp. Pl., vol. i. p. 709. Pursch, Fl. Amer., vol. i.p. 118.--TETRANDRIA TETRAGYNIA, Linn.--RHAMNI, Juss.
Leaves lanceolate, attenuated at the base, slightly serrated; peduncles
one-flowered. The leaves of this species are deciduous, the berries bright red.