Birds of America
By John James Audubon, F. R. SS. L. & E.
HELINAIA PEREGRINA, Wils.
So very rare does this little bird seem to be in the United States, that in
the course of all my rambles I never saw more than three individuals of the
species. The first was procured near Bayou Sara, in the State of Louisiana, in
the spring of 1821, when I drew it with the holly twig on which it was standing
when I shot it. The second I obtained in Louisiana also, not many miles from
the same spot, in the autumn of 1829, and the last at Key West, in May 1832. Of
its migrations or place of breeding I know nothing.
It is an active and nimble species, an expert catcher of flies, fond of
hanging to the extremities of branches, like several others of the tribe. It
utters a single mellow tweet, as it passes from one branch to another in search
of food, or while on the wing, when it moves in a desultory manner for some
distance, diving suddenly towards the tree on which it intends to alight. All
the individuals which I procured were males.
TENNESSEE WARBLER, Sylvia peregrina, Wils. Amer. Orn., vol. iii. p. 83.
SYLVIA PEREGRINA, Bonap. Syn., p. 87.
TENNESSEE WARBLER, Sylvia peregrina, Nutt. Man., vol. i. p. 412.
TENNESSEE WARBLER, Sylvia peregrina, Aud. Orn. Biog., vol. ii. p. 307.
Bill of moderate length, thick at the base, tapering, straight, acute;
upper mandible nearly straight in its dorsal outline, the edges sharp, without a
notch. Nostrils basal, oval, covered above by a membrane, and partially
concealed by the feathers. Head of ordinary size, neck short, body rather
slender. Feet of ordinary length, rather slender; tarsus compressed, covered
anteriorly with a few long scutella, sharp behind; toes slender, free, the outer
united to the second joint, the hind-toe proportionally large; claws arched,
slender, much compressed, acute.
Plumage blended, soft. Wings longish, little curved; the second and third
quills longest. Tail rather longish, nearly even, the lateral feathers bent
Bill dark brown, paler beneath. Iris hazel. Feet brown, tinged with blue.
The general colour above is yellow-olive, the head darker, the under parts
cream-coloured, fading behind into white. A pale yellow line over the eye;
quills dark-brown, the primaries margined with yellowish-grey; the wings without
Length 4 1/2 inches, extent of wings 8; bill along the back (4 1/2)/12,
along the edge 6/12; tarsus 8/12.
ILEX LAXIFLORA, Pursch, Fl. Amer. Sept., vol. i. p. 117.--TETRANDRIA
TETRAGYNIA, Linn.--RHAMMI, Juss.
Leaves ovate, sinuato-dentate, spinous, shiny, flat; peduncles
supra-axillar, aggregated on the younger branches. An evergreen shrub, with