Birds of America
By John James Audubon, F. R. SS. L. & E.
HELINAIA CARBONATA, Aud.
I shot the two little birds here represented, near the village of
Henderson, in the State of Kentucky, in May 1811. They were both busily engaged
in searching for insects along the branches and amongst the leaves of a dogwood
tree. Their motions were those common to all the species of the genus. On
examination, they were found to be both males. I am of opinion that they were
each young birds of the preceding year, and not in full plumage, as they had no
part of their dress seemingly complete, excepting the head. Not having met with
any other individuals of the species, I am at this moment unable to say anything
more about them. They were drawn, like almost all the other birds which I have
represented, immediately after being killed; but the branch on which you see
them was not added until the following summer.
The common name of this plant is service-tree. It seldom attains a greater
height than thirty or forty feet, and is usually found in hilly ground of
secondary quality. The berries are agreeable to the taste, and are sought after
by many species of birds, amongst which the Red-headed Woodpecker is very
Bill of ordinary length, nearly straight, subulato-conical, acute, nearly
as deep as broad at the base, the edges acute, the gap-line slightly deflected
at the base. Nostrils basal, lateral, elliptical, half-closed by a membrane.
Head rather small. Neck short. Body slender. Feet of ordinary length,
slender; tarsus longer than the middle toe, covered anteriorly by a few
scutella, acutely-edged behind; toes scutellate above, the inner free, the hind
toe of moderate size; claws slender, compressed, acute, arched.
Plumage soft, blended, tufty. Wings of ordinary length, acute, the second
quill longest. Tail short, notched.
CARBONATED WARBLER, Sylvia carbonata, Aud. Orn. Biog., vol. i. p. 308.
Bill brownish-black above, light blue beneath. Iris hazel. Feet light
flesh-colour. Upper part of the head black. Fore part of the back, lesser
wing-coverts and sides dusky, spotted with black. Lower back dull
yellowish-green, as is the tail, of which the outer web of the outer feather is
whitish. Tips of the second row of coverts white, of the first row yellow;
quills dusky, their outer webs tinged with yellow. A line from the lore over
the eye, sides of the neck, and the throat, bright yellow. A dusky line behind
the eye. The rest of the under parts dull yellow, excepting the sides.
Length 4 3/4 inches; bill along the ridge 5/12, along the gap 7/12;
THE MAY-BUSH OR SERVICE.
PYRUS BOTRYAPIUM, Willd. Sp. Pl., vol. ii. p. 1013. Pursch, Flor. Amer.,vol. i. p. 339.--ICOSANDRIA PENTAGYNIA, Linn.--ROSACEAE, Juss.
This species is distinguished by its ovate, acuminate leaves, racemose
flowers, linear-lanceolate petals, pubescent germens, and smooth calycine